The Charminar is a monument and mosque in Hyderabad, India. The structure was built in 1591 AD. It is the most famous building of Hyderabad and also one of the most famous buildings in India. It was built by Muhammad Quli Qutb Shahi (1580- 1611) who was the fifth and most celebrated ruler of the Qutub Shahi dynasty of Golconda to celebrate the end of a deadly plague.
According to historians, On an auspicious day ,’When the Moon was in the constellation of Leo, and Jupiter in its own mansion’, the sultan issued a decree that a new city be built outside the fort.It should be ‘unequalled in the world and a replica of paradise itself.Therefore, the city was planned incorporating many features of the mythical Islamic heaven.Surah 47, 14;56, 28:7,47; and 55 of the Quran gives a complete description of the heavens.
For centuries this city is often identified with this majestic monument, which stands at the center of the old city in its entire splendor amidst the colorful LAD BAZAR with its glittering traditional bangles.
Hyderabadis take much pride in the tall Charminar and make it a point to take their out-station friends to witness its magnificence.
Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, the poet king of Golconda laid the foundation stone of the city. Muhammad was perhaps wearing black robes as a mark of mourning for Muharram but he recited the famous manajat (prayer) about filling the city with people like fish in an ocean. And so it was.
A city of magnificent palaces, shopping arcades, parks with flowing streams soon developed rapidly around the monument which was completed by 1596 and the people started calling it Baghnagar and Hyderabad.
The city built for the love of Bhagmati
Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah says:
“Ay Qutb Shah
Nabi ke sadqe mein Bhagmati se milkar…
Khud ko Qutb Shah ki dasi samajh kar khoob saj sajakar ayi hai.”
(By the grace of Nabi you have met Bhagmati… She who has decked up just for you).
While most Persian histories record the name of the city as Hyderabad, the first among them, Ferishta called it Baghnagar.
THE LOVE STORY
Bhagamati was a mystic Hindu queen of Muslim sultan Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah and is considered a myth by some historians. Qutb Shah was the fifth sultan of the erstwhile Qutb Shahi Dynasty who ruled over the Golkonda region of South India in the 16th century. Whether the old names of the city shown variously as Bhagnagar or Bhagyanagarrelate to Bhagmati or not, also remains controversial
Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah married Bhagamati in the year 1589 CE and remained with her until his death in 1611 CE. The sultan bestowed the title of Hyder Mahal on Bhagmati. Quli Qutub Shah and Hyder Mahal had a daughter named Hayat Baksh Begum, who was married to Qutub Shah’s nephew Muhammed Quli. Sultan Muhammed Quli succeeded the throne soon after the death of Muhammed Quli Qutub Shah.
Whatever be the reason, Charminar has withstood the ravages of time and even the wrath of Mughul Emperor Aurangzeb, who in 1687 while destroying buildings of Hyderabad had also placed a cannon in front of Charminar, but someone told him that there was a mosque on the second floor of the monument and that saved the monument.
The Deccan Heritage Trust and several organisations in the city celebrated the 425 years of Hyderabad on Saturday by releasing 24 vintage picture postcards of the VI Nizam Mahboob Ali Pasha and of Charminar. A lithograph dating back to 1830, technically the first image of Charminar, was released for the first time to the public.
Recalling the founders of the city and the legacy they left behind on the occasion of Hyderabad’s 425 years
Sheher baqi hai, mohabbat ka nasha baqi hai
Tu nahin hai teri chashm-e-nigaran baqi hai
~ Makhdoom Mohiuddin
Charminar is often called “The Arc de Triomphe of the East”It is a square edifice with four grand arches each facing a cardinal point that opened once upon a time into four royal streets. At each corner stands an exquisitely shaped minaret, more than 55 meters high with a double balcony. A bulbous dome crowns each minaret with dainty petal like designs at the base.
A beautiful mosque is located at the western end of the open roof and the remaining part of the roof served as a court during the Qutb Shahi times.
About 149 winding steps guide the visitor to the upper floor. Once atop, the solitude and serenity of the beautiful interior is refreshing. The space in the upper floor between the minarets was meant for Friday prayers. There are forty-five prayer spaces.
Built with granite and lime-mortar, the Charminar is a fine example of the Cazia style of architecture. The intertwined arches and domes are typical of the Islamic architecture. The graceful floral motif atop the Charminar is enchanting!
The untold Charminar by Syeda Imam
PRINCE OSMAN ALI KHAN MEMORIAL FOUNDATION
Jeddah – Riyadh – Hyderabad
The Prince Osman Ali Khan Memorial Foundation is created in 2016 by Sahebzadi Jamila Unnisa and Sahebzadi Nusrath Unnisa in memory of their late father, Mir Osman Ali Khan, a Hyderabadi aristocrat , architect and businessman based in Saudi Arabia.
He was the people’s ‘Prince’ , called affectionately by his friends and social circle because of his kind and humble nature.
The foundation prefers to award grants for operating support, but it also accepts funding to facilitate improvements in Jeddah , Riyadh and Hyderabad.
The foundation prefers to focus its giving on empowering disadvantaged people and is particularly interested in funding organizations that are addressing the following issues:
- Clothes on festivals to the less fortunate
- Sponsoring a girl child to complete religious studies
- Free medical care
- Monetary help to senior aging citizens
- Providing drinking water in places of worship
- Iftar meals in Ramadan
- Water for fasting people in places of worship
- Sweets for children on special festival
For more information on how you can contribute whatsapp us at +966 59 419 5065
A Guide to the Heritage of Hyderabad
Source: Discover Hyderabad
Today, 17 August 2016 is Mir Mahboob Ali Khan Siddiqi’s 150th birth anniversary.It has been celebrated by The Deccan Heritage Trust in collaboration with the Chowmohalla Palace in Haidarabd and sponsored by Shadan Institute of Medical Sciences, Himayath Nagar and Dr. V.R.K Women’s Medical College.
So who was Mir Mahboob Ali Khan Siddiqi and why is he being celebrated ? Lets read about his life.
When his father died he was two years and seven months old, and thus became the 6th Nizam of the Asaf Jahi dynasty in 1869. He was installed as Nizam by Mir Turab Ali Khan, Salar Jung I, Nawab Rasheed-ed-deen Khan Shams-ul-Umra III who functioned as the Regent. Shams-ul-Umra III died on 12 December 1881 and Salar Jung I became the sole regent. He was retained as administrator and regent until his death on 8 February 1883. Special attention was paid to the education of Mahbub Ali Khan who was tutored by the English.Besides being educated in Arabic, Persian and Urdu , he became excelled in shooting, cricket, tent-pegging, riding and poetry writing.
Asaf Jah VI was a respected ruler and was popularly known as Mahbub Ali Pasha.As his name implies ‘Mahbuub’ in Arabic means beloved he was for his people. It is known that he used to disguise himself and go about the city and mix with people as ordinary man to know first-hand information about his subjects.
Thus, was famous for his generosity, kindness and saintly character.
Asaf Jah VI was well known for his lavish lifestyle and luxuries and had an enormous fascination for clothes and cars. His collection of garments was one of the most extensive in the world at the time, with sherwanis, shirts, coats, collars, socks, shoes, headgear, walking sticks, perfumes – not one each, but dozens of almost each item. He devoted a whole wing of his palace to his wardrobe and would never wear the same dress twice. He bought the Jacob Diamond, which stands out among the Jewels of The Nizams.
In the book “Tulasī kī sāhitya-sādhanā: The Legacy of the Nizams” by Lallana Rāya, published by the H.E.H The Nizam’s Urdu Trust Hyderabad it states that the King Mir Mahbub Ali Khan was also known to be a possessor of supernatural mystical healing powers. Lallana Rāya writes under the heading He was a conjure for snake bite: “Mir Mahboob Ali Khan was known to possess healing power for snake bite. With his spell, it is said that the venom of the snake would abate. It was his order that if anyone from the public had a snake bite, he could approach him. It happened a number of times when he was awakened from his sleep. It is said that Nawab Muneer Uddin Khan Taluqdar who knew this spell taught the mantra to Mir Mahboob Ali Khan. When a man suffered from a snake bite, the name of the Mahboob Ali had to be mentioned in these terms: “Mahboob Ali Pasha Ki Dohaee”. Then the venom would not spread further or the venom of the snake would abate. Hence the name of Mahboob Ali Pasha and the practice of spell of snake bite became famous throughout Hyderabad”.
Some accomplishments during the rule of Nizam VIth
1.He revised the system of revenue settlement for the peasantry
2.New irrigation works were constructed
3.Railway industry and crafts industry developed
4.Education was developed both for men and women by opening Hyderabad College.
5.New mahbubiya rupee coins were introduced in 1904.
6.Each state department was modernised on par with British India transforming Hyderabad from medievalism to modern State.
The Splendor of Hyderabad by Dr. M. A. Nayeem
Friendship improves happiness, and abates misery, by doubling our joys, and dividing our grief. – Marcus Tullius Cicero Friendship is a beautiful feeling granted by the creator to its creation.It i…
Source: Celebrate Friendship Day !
Friendship improves happiness, and abates misery, by doubling our joys, and dividing our grief. – Marcus Tullius Cicero
Friendship is a beautiful feeling granted by the creator to its creation.It is magic that adds miracles to our lives.
Friendship is when you go see your friend with a box of sweets , a flower or just a card.It is friendship when you celebrate his/her birthday.
Friendship is another name for respect, responsibility or love.It does not see religion; age; colour, race or even gender.It is a feeling that very fortunate people experience.
Friendship is ever-green and ageless.
Everyone out there, celebrate the bond of friendship today and remember the extraordinary people in our lives we call friends.
Take one minute to email, twitter, SMS, or WhatsApp a greeting card;go meet them or send flowers to your friend.
H A P P Y FR I E N D S H I P D A Y E V E R Y O N E !
Please comment below on how you celebrated this day?